Jul 02, 2023
Molecular Structure Analysis of Alkaloids
Structure analysis of alkaloids with XtaLAB Synergy-ED, JEOL MS and NMR
Alkaloids are naturally occurring organic compounds that contain at least one nitrogen atom. They are mostly plant-based natural compounds and often used as medicines. Alkaloid biosynthesis is varied; they are characterized by a great structural variety and a complicated molecular structure. XtaLAB Synergy-ED allows molecular structural analysis of submicron particles of laboratory chemicals, pharmaceutical raw materials and so on. In addition, the comprehensive analysis using the JEOL mass spectrometer (MS) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectrometer provides details of the chemical structure information for molecular structure determination.
Chemical structure analysis of Rhynchophylline
For elucidating the molecular chemical structure of alkaloids, the molecular formula is determined by using MS. In the example, the molecular formula of Rhynchophylline is provided from the mass spectrum by using JMS-S3000 SpiralTOF™-plus 2.0 (shown above on the left). In addition, NMR analysis provides the details of Rhynchophylline chemical structure (shown below on the left). 1H-13C and 1H-15N connectivity information is available for analysis of partial structure of Rhynchophylline. In the example below, the NMR and MS/MS spectra are complementary analyzed to estimate the total chemical structure model of Rhynchophylline.
Structure refinement of Rhynchophylline
XtaLAB Synergy-ED allows single crystal analysis of Rhynchophylline with submicron particles. Rhynchophylline contains hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen and oxygen. The molecular structure model is estimated by the electrostatic potential obtained through electron diffraction analysis. An initial structural model is refined with the results of MS and NMR analysis. The chemical structural model of Rhynchophylline obtained through the MS and NMR analysis provides the details of partial structure to elucidate the molecular model correctly. In the example below, the right figure shows the resulting structure of Rhynchophylline which is refined by the chemical structure model of MS and NMR analysis.
Structure analysis of another alkaloid, Cinchonidine
The structure analysis workflow of Rhynchophylline is available for other alkaloids. In the figures below, the workflow is applied to Cinchonidine. The right figure is the result of the refined structure of Cinchonidine. This structure refinement is confirmed by the result of MS and NMR analysis. The NMR analysis provides details of the partial structure, 1H-13C and 1H-15N connectivity information, to properly elucidate the molecular model.
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