Jul 02, 2023
Comprehensive Analysis of Acetylacetonate Complexes
Various structural analysis methods for acetylacetonate complexes with XtaLAB Synergy-ED, JEOL MS and NMR
XtaLAB Synergy-ED allows molecular structural analysis of micro-crystals. It is quite effective for transition metal complexes in the difficult case of crystallization. Acetylacetonate (acac) anion is a bidentate ligand and shows various complex compounds. The ligand is an ion that bonds to a central transition metal to form octahedral, tetrahedral, square planar and so on. The following figures show the results of electron diffraction structural analysis of Chromium(III) acetylacetonate (Cr(acac)3), Vanadyl (II) acetylacetonate (Vo(acac)2) and Copper(II) acetylacetonate (Cu(acac)2) complexes by XtaLAB Synergy-ED and the schematic diagram of the 3d orbital.
Structure analysis of octahedral acetylacetonate complex, Rhodium(III) acetylacetonate
JEOL mass spectrometer (MS) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectrometer provide details of chemical structure information of acetylacetonate complexes for molecular structure determination. The following figures are the results of MS, NMR, and XtaLAB Synergy-ED measurements of Rh(acac) 3 complexes.
Spin state analysis of octahedral acetylacetonate complex
Rh(acac)3 has two possible electron configurations, denoted as high spin of 4d6 S=2 and low spin of 4d6 S=0. On the other hand, Cr(acac)3 has a spin state of d3 S=3/2 and shows paramagnetism. In the example below, the green line is a 1H NMR spectrum of Cr(acac)3 and the brown line is Rh(acac)3. The peaks of ligand of Cr(acac)3 spectrum are sifted and broadened with the Fermi-contact interaction of Cr3+ and the ligand. Conversely, the spectrum of Rh(acac)3 shows that the peaks of the ligand are not sifted, and its electron configuration is the low spin state 4d6 S=0.
Magnetic susceptibility and electron configuration of acetylacetonate complexes
The electron configuration of the transition metal is an important factor in the molecular structure of transition metal complexes. The unpaired electrons of the transition metal can be estimated by determining magnetic susceptibility. The magnetic susceptibility of complexes comes from the magnetism at the atomic level of which they are made, and is dominated by the magnetic moments of electrons. The presence of paramagnetic ions causes the chemical shifts of other compounds in the solution to move. This effect can be used to estimate the magnetic susceptibility of transition metal complexes and subsequently the electronic structure of transition metal ions (Evans method ). With the result of the Evans method, the effective magnetic moment is calculated to determine the electron structure of transition metal. The table below shows the effective magnetic moment of Cr(acac)3, VO(acac)2 and Cu(acac)2 complexes estimated using 1H NMR spectra.
Solutions by field