Jul 02, 2023
Molecular Structure Analysis Workflow of Transition Metal Complexes
Comprehensive analysis of transition metal complexes with XtaLAB Synergy-ED, JEOL MS and NMR
XtaLAB Synergy-ED allows molecular structure analysis of micro-crystal. This feature is quite effective in the difficult case of crystallization, such as transitional metal complexes. Furthermore, the comprehensive analysis using JEOL mass spectrometer (MS) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) provides detailed information for molecular structure determination.
Structure analysis of acetylacetonate complex, Copper(II) acetylacetonate
Transition metal complexes often form complicated structures, therefore it is important to analyze them from many directions with various analytical methods for molecular structure analysis. For example, first, the elemental composition of a sample is analyzed with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and its molecular formula is determined by using MS (shown on the left). Next, the molecular structure is analyzed with micro-crystals by using XtaLAB Synergy-ED (shown in the center). For paramagnetic complexes, NMR provides the analysis of magnetic susceptibility, and then it is possible to estimate the state of unpaired electrons (shown on the right). On the other hand, for diamagnetic complexes, it is also possible to analyze the details of ligands and the state of coordination with NMR.
Elemental composition and ligands of Cu-TMEDA catalyst with SEM-EDS and NMR analysis
SEM-EDS provides detailed information of elemental composition, furthermore NMR allows the analysis of ligands. The chemical structures of transition metal complexes can be correctly analyzed through the comprehensive analysis of EDS and NMR. The following figures are the results of the elemental composition analysis of Cu-TMEDA with SEM-EDS by using JCM-7000 NeoScope™ and the ligands analysis using the JNM-ECZL 500R.
Structure determination of submicron particles of Cu-TMEDA catalyst with XtaLAB Synergy-ED
XtaLAB Synergy-ED allows single crystal electron diffraction analysis of Cu-TMEDA catalyst in their native state. The result of electron diffraction analysis is refined by using the result of EDS and NMR, finally validated to show the resulting structural model.
Magnetic susceptibility of Cu-TMEDA catalyst with paramagnetic NMR spectroscopy
The presence of paramagnetic ions causes the chemical shifts of other compounds in the solution to move. This effect can be used to estimate the magnetic susceptibility of transition metal complexes and subsequently the electronic structure of transition metal ions (Evans method ). The results of EDS, NMR and XtaLAB Synergy-ED indicate that Cu2+ ion in Cu-TMEDA catalyst has a square planar structure with the Cu2+ ions sharing oxygen. In this structure, each Cu2+ ion has 3d9 S=1/2 for the nine d electrons of Cu2+ in a square‐planar field. Using the result of the Evans method, the expected effective magnetic moment of electronic configuration is calculated to be 2.81 µB. Since the effective magnetic moment is much closer to the value calculated from S=1 (2.83 µB), it is thought that Cu-TMEDA catalyst shows paramagnetism of s=1 system for two copper ions.
Solutions by field